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Bubonic Plague Cases Reported in the Inner Regionof China, Mongolia




Bubonic Plague

Bubonic plague, also known as ‘Black Death’, is said to be reported in the inner region of China, Mongolia, in the middle of an ongoing pandemic, Coronavirus. The disease is specifically reported in the city of Bayannur, located in the northwest of Beijing, on Sunday.

The hospital alerted the local authorities about the patient’s condition, after which they declared a citywide level 3 warning for plague prevention. Bayannur health authorities alerted people to take all the precaution to avoid the transmission of this deadly disease

What is the Bubonic plague?

Plague is basically a lethal infection caused by a bacteria called Yersinia pestis, that is present in some animals, mainly Rodents and the fleas present in them.
Bubonic plague, also known as ‘Black Death’ due to its gangrenous properties, is the commonest type of plague people can get and the name is derived from the symptoms it produces, such as painful, swollen lymph nodes or ‘Buboes’ in the armpit or groin.

In the year of 2010-2015, 3,248 cases were reported from all across the world, alongside 584 deaths.

Bubonic Plague Symptoms

Signs and Symptoms of Bubonic plague:

The signs and symptoms vary in each type of plague.
As for Bubonic plague, the most common noticeable symptoms are;

  • Sudden onset of fever and chills
  • Headache
  • Fatigue/ malaise
  • Muscle aches

The individuals with bubonic plague may also develop painful, swollen lymph nodes(buboes) in the first week, usually in the areas situated in the armpits or groin.
They are the size of a ‘chicken egg’. They are tender and firm to the touch.

What are the causes and how does it spread?

It is caused by a bacteria called, Yersinia pestis, which usually spreads by the bite of a flea that has fed on other infected animals, like;

  1. Rats
  2. Mice
  3. Squirrel
  4. Rabbits
  5. Prairie dogs
  6. Chipmunks
  7. Voles

People can catch it by touching or coming into contact with any of the infected animals mentioned above. And by inhaling the infectious droplets spread by people or animals that are infected.

What is the treatment/intervention of the Bubonic plague?

The best treatment for it is an Antibiotic course, that includes, Levofloxacin 500mg and other effective antibiotics.

If the disease is detected in the early stages by performing lab tests on blood and other body samples, it can be treated effectively. If left untreated or undiagnosed, it can be fatal and can cause severe damage to the lungs, resulting in death. So urgent medical attention should be sought to avoid serious consequences.

Prevention steps for Bubonic plague:

No vaccine has been discovered to treat the plague yet. Antibiotic is the only effective therapy for it so it is best to protect yourself from it by practicing the precautionary measures religiously.

Following steps should be taken to protect yourself from the deadly virus;

Rodent-proof your home:

Keep your house and surrounding areas clean by removing all the junk and nesting areas. Make sure to keep the areas clean of your pet food as the rodent can feed off of them and if you notice any rodent infestation, take measures to control it right away.

Keep your pets clean:

Use the products that can help free your pets from fleas completely. Use of protective gear, like gloves and masks: Make sure to wear gloves and a mask when you are touching or holding the infected animal to avoid the suspected transmission of disease.

Use of insect repellents:

Make sure to use insect repellents on your kids and pets to avoid the contact of germs and insects in your surroundings.

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Trump Elevates Scott Atlas, A Doctor With A Rosier Coronavirus Outlook





Trump elevates Scott Atlas, a doctor with a rosier coronavirus outlook

Dr. Atlas gained Trumps’ attention at the White House!

Dr. Atlas has alerted the U.S about the severity and hysteria of coronavirus. This thing pushes the reopening of schools and sports league, and underestimate the need for definitive testing to eradicate the virus. 

Opposite to many bigger names and cautious health professionals, who have laid down their spark at the white house, Dr. Atlas has become a renowned advisor in the inner loop of President Donald Trump at the decisive moments of the Covid-19 pandemic. 

Dr. Atlas’ approach about the pandemic and face-covering!

With no sign of the virus diminishing, the U.S has calculated approximately 5.4 million Covid-19 cases and 170,000 deaths. All these things are happening around just before less than 3 months to go in a reelection battle, President Donald Trump is betting that a physician having a telegenic personality with a positive vibe without any expertise in infectious disease or epidemiology can change his destiny. 

Dr. Atlas turned out to be optimistic and relentless on a message conveying that Americans should restart normal life as much as they can. Atlas is the live embodiment of the President’s COVID-is-not-that-big-of-a-deal-approach. Where the school management and football conference officials who are afraid of the virus spread this winter, he warns them about the strict precautionary measures. 

Dr. Atlas dismissed the use of masks for the students engaged in in-person learning!

Atlas, while reporting to Fox News Appearances, has declined the need for students of wearing face masks and keeping the social distancing in a case if schools reopen. 

On 15 July, Atlas said during his T.V appearance, “It is definitely proven that children have significantly no risk”.  This line has also been quoted by President Trump many times. But this thing hasn’t been borne out in the district areas where the physical learning has been restarted; Many of these schools such as Schools in Georgia, North Carolina, and Indiana have had to pause this resume in a short time because of the emerging positive cases. 

Atlas laid down the Health Experts of U.S Task for Covid-19! 

Atlas also argued with the other health experts of the coronavirus task team in the White House and opposed the perception of coronavirus testing. Going on the same, he opposed the proposal of Dr. Deborah Birx (the response coordinator of the White House coronavirus task force) to expand home testing against coronavirus e.g saliva tests. 

And in a recent meeting of the White House task force, he told Dr. Anthony Fauci (top U.S infectious disease expert) that science definitely doesn’t stand with government mandates on wearing masks. (However, CDC has recommended the Americans to keep distance and wear face masks while interacting with each other). 

Atlas’ perspective made him high before Trump!

Atlas’ elevation at the White House occurs when the health professionals of the task force are trying to give the idea of attempting every precautionary measure so that they can control the virus and design a vaccine as early as possible or roughly in 80 days from the election. It is because the rate of infection uplifts and the U.S’ testing capacity falls short. 

Trump has maimed many of his top health professionals including Fauci & Birx. He had also welcomed the different perspectives of Atlas provides, according to the statement of one senior administration official.

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Chicken Wings Shipped in China from Brazil Tests Positive for COVID-19





Chicken wings shipped in china from brazil tests Positive for COVID-19

Recently, frozen chicken wings that were prepared in Brazil, the very well organized country in South America, were sent to China, the Chinese love to eat the chicken wings, made up in Brazil. But this time when Brazil imported the chicken wings to china as Chinese love to eat chicken wings, were first tested as china is very frightened till now because of all these virus things, they did not take any risk to eat anything coming from another place.

Import food from Brazil to China

So when the frozen chicken wings were shipped into China from Brazil, they tested the piece of that frozen chicken wing surface and they came to the conclusion that these frozen chicken wings were tested positive for the coronavirus. It is all said by the local authorities of China on Thursday. That frozen chicken wings are included in one of the most latest foods that is imported to China from Brazil, the country of South America. 

The outer packaging of frozen shrimp is also tested positive 

In addition to the surface of that frozen chicken wings, that was tested positive for the coronavirus, the outer packaging of that frozen Ecuadorian shrimp sold in Xian that was shipped into the Shenzhen, also resulted in positive when the test of coronavirus was done. It was all said and reportedly by the Reuters, the local authorities on Thursday.

Traces of coronavirus confirmed on Wednesday 

While on Wednesday, there were also traces of coronavirus on the outer covering or packaging of the frozen shrimp in Anhui Province. That shrimp also came from Ecuador, also the country of South America. 

Reporting of CDCs

CDCs reported that there is no confirmation that the outer covering or packaging has the traces of coronavirus, or present the cause of coronavirus on that packaging as China is now very doing very actively the screening, especially the imported food from the other countries to China. 

Transmission of CoronaVirus

CDCs also says that the germs of coronavirus are also transmitted from person to person via the respiratory droplets, CDCs further says that coronavirus is thought to spread by touching, handling the metal surface and also the packaging of that food either imported from some other country having the germs of that coronavirus and then touching his own mouth, cheeks or even eyes. 

But the thought of food having the traces of coronavirus is considered very random because the virus is not able to grow on the food but bacteria have some abilities to start growing on the food material. While the virus needs a living host such as a person to start proper growth. Therefore there are very few chances to have the germs of coronavirus on either the surface of the food or on the packaging of that food. 

CDCs recommendations 

The CDC strictly gives the order to all people out there, to wash their hands thoroughly with the soups or with the sanitizers to stop the spreading and growth of further coronavirus that transmit from hands to the mouth or inside the body making our body the living host when the virus can grow continuously, before eating and cooking the food at any time. 

Reuters Reported

Now, all meet and see food coming to the chine is being screened to make sure that food is all clean from that coronavirus. Back in June, the Chinese government strictly stopped all the imports of any kind of food coming from Brazil, so that the chine would remain safe from that harmful virus. 

For safety measures

 For the precautionary measures, all the food present in the Shenzhen was first traced and screened. So that the food remains safe from all the germs of that coronavirus. As this coronavirus already took many lives with it and now, no one is ready to take the risk for this. Therefore everyone in China is showing great concern to remain safe from the coronavirus. All the results in Shenzhen were negative, according to Reuters. 

Tests and screening are also being done for the people who might have come in contact with the contaminated and infected shrimps, as well as in the local surrounding and markets of Xian.

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Russian President Vladimir Putin Approved “sputnik V” Covid-19 Vaccine Amid Huge Criticism





Russian President “sputnik V” Covid-19 Vaccine Criticism

Throughout the Coronavirus pandemic, the one thing which keeps us holding onto hope is that one day scientists will come up with a “Successful Vaccine”; and we can go back to normal life again. 

The race of finding the coronavirus vaccine starts among different nations soon after the pandemic hit the world.

In a surprising turn of events, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced on Tuesday that its health regulators approved the vaccine. This makes it the world’s first vaccine to get registered; production on a vast scale is expected to start in the next month. Vladimir Putin said that the vaccine is safe, and one of her daughters had already got the vaccine. Putin said on the state TV;

“A vaccine against the coronavirus has been registered for the first time in the world this morning, I know that it works quite effectively; it forms a stable immunity.”

The news faced intense criticism, and questions were raised about the safety and effectiveness of the vaccine. The vaccine has just undergone phase 1 and phase 2 clinical trials on the small group of people. Phase 3 is yet to start, but Russia is planning to start producing the vaccine in September.


Russian health minister Mikhail Murashko brushed off the criticism on Wednesday that allegations on Vaccine safety were baseless and are just influenced by competition.

Kirill Dimitriev, who is serving as chief executive for Russia’s wealth fund, RDIF; which is also behind the Russian vaccine said that Western and specifically U.S. criticism against the vaccine are kind of twisting.

He said on Wednesday;

“This is the kind of announcement that divided the world into two countries, some are delighted on the news and some of the American people and media are just waging war against the Russian vaccine. We were not expecting anything less than that from them; our goal is not to convince the U.S. Our focus at the time was to present to the world how much we advanced on this now. It can be available for your country in November, December if it meets your regulation and the doubtful people will not get this vaccine and we can just wish them good luck in developing their own vaccine.”

However, he admits that Russia needs to share the data results of the vaccine and said that it was “genuine criticism.”

He further said;

“We agree that data has not been shared yet; we are sending the data results to one of our partners today and they will be published in August.”

Dmitriev also announced that interest of 1 billion from other countries has also been received.

“We have seen a massive interest in the Russian vaccine that is developed by the Gamaleya Institute abroad. Moreover, we have received applications in advance for almost 1 billion doses from different 20 countries. We already have the plan to manufacture 500 million does per year in five different countries, slowly pacing up the production. As for now many countries from the Middle East, Latin America and Asia have been taking a keen interest in our vaccine. We have also finalized many contracts for the purchase of the vaccine. Phase 3 trials would also start in the relevant countries.”


This vaccine is developed by the Moscow based Gamelya Institute; and named as Sputnik-V. This name is in reference to the Russian surprise launch of the world’s first satellite in 1957.

The Russian registration certificate does not provide many details, but as for now, we got to know the vaccine has been manufactured by Bionnopharm in Zelenograd. This vaccine consists of two shots, comprising different versions of adenoviruses that the researchers engineered to transfer the gene on the spike of SARS-COV-2.


Experts are pitching their voice over the vaccine, as the vaccine is approved in a hassle and also not much data is available. 

The Russian government introduced a law in April that eliminates the condition of undergoing phase 3 trials, before being approved. This allows the rapid processing of the vaccine than usual.

Michael Head, Senior Research Fellow in Global Health at the University of Southampton in the UK, addressed to the Science Medical Centre and said;

“To be exact, it is unclear what is happening with the Russian vaccine. It is primarily significant that any vaccine which is coming out is trusted by the general public, and there is enough talk about the level of effectiveness and its possible side effects. As for now, there is not enough data about the Russian vaccine; which does not allow the world to study it.”

Danny Altman, Professor of Immunology at Imperial College London said that there are serious concerns about the vaccine being approved before it was sufficiently tested. He said;

“Phase 3 represents the phase in testing trials where you test the vaccine on thousands of the people to measure its efficacy and safety. The vaccine has gone through the smallest of the phase 2 trials in all of the other vaccines being talked about. At the moment, we do not have any idea whether the vaccine is safe or not.”

Anthony Fauci, the Whitehouse representative for the coronavirus, said on Wednesday that;

“He hoped that Russians would actually prove the vaccine to be safe and effective as well. I doubt they have done it about the vaccine.”

In the United     States of America, the Food and Drug Authorization FDA can approve the medicine for usage before the completion of complete efficacy trials, which is known as emergency use authorization. And it has been speculated that President Donald Trump might utilize this option for a COVID-19 Vaccine that might boost his re-election campaign in his favor. Russia’s certification process is the same as the FDA’s emergency use. But FDA also has an independent advisory committee that includes academies that reviews vaccine approval applications on a routine basis. 

Alexey Chumakov, a researcher who worked in an institute based in Moscow, said;

“The health ministry in Russia does not seek the advice of his scientific and medical community as the FDA does in America. It is not the platform that has an opinion and any internal organization. Their results might show that it works, that would be a desirable outcome. But there might still be a 20 percent chance that the vaccine can backfire.”

Chumakov further said the rules in Russia can easily be altered. He also said there is not much science left in Russia in the last 30 years and not many people complain against this either. It is not challenging to make a vaccine but to prove its effectiveness, is not considered easy, I don’t know how they decide it prior.


Russia is making progress rapidly for the development of the COVID-19 vaccine. The initial clinical trials started on 17 June, months after the other vaccines started in the US, China, and Europe.  

Gamelya institute in Moscow has not released any safety or clinical data from its trials. This makes it almost impossible for the researchers to investigate whether it is safe and effective or not.

Russian President is conveying the message to the world that Russia is the first one to develop the vaccine and insisted that the vaccine is safe. But there is much which has to be done. Until now there has been no coronavirus vaccine that offers ultimate protection from the virus. 


Russia is one of the leading countries but in a hurry to produce a vaccine for coronavirus, which now infected more than 20 million people worldwide, with 730000 deaths all around the globe.

According to the WHO, World health organization; 25 vaccines are in the clinical evaluation stage and 139 others which are in the preclinical evaluation stage in terms of development.

The most prominent one of them is from the University Of Oxford And Astrazeneca and the other one from the biotech company named Moderna and the US Institute of Health. Both of these provide satisfactory results up till now and currently going through Phase 3 testing.

In June, the Chinese Government allowed the use of an experimental vaccine for the Country’s military. The vaccine is named Ad5-nCov; manufactured by the Beijing Institute of biotechnology and a vaccine company, Cansino Biologics.


As for now, it’s just known that short term side effects like fever occur once the vaccine kick starts the immune system. But major side effects can only be visible when the vaccinated person got infected with the coronavirus in real life.

One such major side effect is an antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE), this phenomenon makes the body more susceptible to infection. Vaccines such as for SARS COV, which causes major acute respiratory syndrome in the previous decade also produces ADE like effects. It is highly likely that the COVID-19 vaccine can do the same. This can emerge in phase 3 clinical trials in which a vaccine is tested on a large number of people.

Russia has denied that it is not part of the race for developing a coronavirus vaccine; and said that they want to cooperate with other nations. The hustle in making a vaccine might affect its fight against the coronavirus in the country. 

J. Stephen Morrison, working as a senior vice president at Strategic and International Studies, has said that Putin is trying to win the game at Home by pulling out the vaccine; as he is accused of not tackling the pandemic situation wisely and not being able to revive the country’s economy.

Earlier this month, Russia has denied the allegations that Russian spies hacked into the United Kingdom, Canadian and American labs to steal the ideas for the development of the coronavirus vaccine.
Russia has the fourth-highest number of Coronavirus cases as of Wednesday, with almost 900000 active cases with a death toll of 15260.

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